List of Continents

List of Seven Continents

  1. Asia
  2. Africa
  3. North America
  4. South America
  5. Antarctica
  6. Europe
  7. Australia

Asia is the Earth's largest and most populous continent. 60 percent of earth's population is in Asia. It is bound on the east by Pacific Ocean. It is bound on the south by Indian Ocean. It is bound on the north by Arctic Ocean. The Silk Road became a major trading route in Asia between East-West. The boundary between Asia and Africa is the Red sea, the Gulf of Suez, and the Suez Canal. The English name "Asia" was originally a concept of Greek Civilization. Asia was home to world's most ancient civilizations. Notable civilizations include - Mesoptamia, Indus Valley and The Yellow River cilvilization. These civilizations exchanged technologies like Mathematics and the Wheel. The black death - one of the most devastating pandemics in Human history originated in central Asia. Asia covers 8.8 percent of Earth's total surface. Asia is subdivided into 48 countries. Three of them have part of the land with Europe. They are - Russia, Kazakhstan and Turkey. Asia has extremely diverse climates. Climates range from arctic to subarctic in Siberia to tropical in southern India and southeast Asia. The Gobi desert and Arabian desert is present in Asia. The Yangtze River in China is the largest river in the continent. The Himalayas is the tallest mountain range in the World - located in Asia. Asia is rich in natural resources. Resources include - Petroleum, Forests, Fish, Water, Rice, Copper and Silver.

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Africa is the second largest continent on Earth. It covers 6 percent of Earth's total surface. Africa accounts for 16 percent of Earth's population. Africa is surrounded by Mediterranean Sea to the North, Suez Canal and Red Sea to North East. Indian Ocean in the South East, and Atlantic Ocean to the West. Africa also includes Madagascar - The Island. The largest country in Africa by size is Algeria. The largest country by population in Africa is Nigeria. Africa is the oldest inhabited continent on Earth. Scientists believe that human species originated from Africa. Today Africa comprises of 54 sovereign countries. Geographically, Africa includes the Arabian peninsula, the Zagros Mountain of Iran and the Anatolian Plateau of Turkey. The climate of Africa ranges from tropical to subarctic. The northern half of Africa is either desert or arid climate. The southern and central regions contain plains and dense jungles (rainforest). Africa is the hottest continent on Earth. Africa has the largest wild animal diversity and population. It contains carnivores - lion, hyenas and cheetas. And herbivores - buffalo, elephant, camel and giraffe. It is also home to wide variety of jungle animals including snakes and primates, and aquatic life - crocodiles and amphibians. Africa has over 3000 protected areas. Habitat destruction, increase in population of humans and poaching reduces Africa's biodiversity. Deforestation is impacting Africa at twice the rate compared to the rest of the World.

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North America

North America is the third largest continent by area. It is entirely present in the Northern Hemisphere. Almost all of it is present in the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered in the north by Arctic Ocean. The West and south is bordered by Pacific Ocean. North America comprises of 7.5 percent of the World's population. Most North Americans speak English, Spanish or French. America is named after Explorer Amerigo Vespucci. Vespucci who explored South America between 1497 and 1502. He was the first European to suggest that America was a new land mass previously unknown to the Europeans. Geologically Canada is one of the oldest regions in the World. More than half of Canada consists of precambrian rocks that have been above sea level since the beginning of Palaeozoic era. Central America is geologically active with volcanic activity and earth quakes occurring often. Economically Canada and United States are the wealthiest and most developed nations in the continent, followed by Mexico. Population wise, United States is the most populated in the continent, followed by Mexico. The largest cities in North America are Mexico City and New York. Canada and United States were former British colonies. There is cultural interplay between United States and Canada. In Mexico and Central America where civilizations like Mayan civilization flourished, indigenous people preserve traditions across modern boundaries.

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South America

South America is a continent located in the Southern Hemisphere and Western Hemisphere. South America is the fourth largest continent by Area. South America is home to world's highest uninterrupted waterfall - Angel Falls in Venezuela. The World's largest River -Amazon River is present in South America. The World's largest mountain range - Andes is present in South America. The World's largest rainforest - Amazon rainforest is present in South America. South America's major resources are - Gold, Silver, Copper, Iron Ore, Tin and Petroleum. South America is one of the most bio-diverse continents on Earth. It is home to many interesting and unique species like - llama, Anaconda, Piranha, Jaguar, Vicuna and Tapir. South America is home to 15 countries and territories. The population of South America is comprised of descendants of Europeans - mainly Spainards, Portuguese and Italians, Africans and indigenous people. Spanish and Portuguese are the two most spoken languages in South America. The most populous country in South America is Brazil. The largest cities of South America are Sao Paulo, Bogota and Lima. The most agarian crop of South America are export crops - soy and wheat. In tropical regions, the most crops are coffee, cocoa and bananas. Only Brazil and Argentina are part of G20 nations. Tourism is a significant source of income for many South American countries. Wide range of sports is played in South America - Football is the most popular overall, whereas baseball is most popular in Venezuela.

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Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. It is the fifth largest continent among the 7 continents. Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. Antarctica is a desert. Anywhere between 1000 to 5000 people reside in Antarctica throughout the year. Antarctica remains the last continent to be discovered and inhabited by humans. Antarctica is governed by Antarctic Treaty System. Twelve countries signed the treaty originally and many countries joined after that. The treaty prohibits military activity in the continent. Ongoing experiments in Antarctica is performed by 4000 scientists from several nations. Antarctica has no indigenous population, and there is no sign that it was explored before the 19th century.

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Europe is the 6th largest continent among the 7 continents. Europe is located completely in the Northern Hemisphere. It is also almost located in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by Arctic Ocean in the North. Atlantic Ocean to the West. Mediterranean Sea to the South. Europe holds 11 percent of worlds population - about 742 million people. Europe is known for many different eras such as Middle Ages, Renaissance, Mordern Era etc. Europe is known as the birth place for western civilization. Ancient Greece - part of Europe was the founding culture of Western Civilization. Western democracy is derived from Ancient Greece. Famous greek philosophers were Aristotle, Socrates and Plato. The two world wars, World War I and World War II started in Europe. The economy of Europe is the largest on Earth. Europe is the richest and wealthiest continent on Earth. The European Union comprises of 28 European regions. The currency of the EU is Euro. The largest religion in Europe is Christianity. 76 percent of Europeans consider themselves Christian.

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Australia is the smallest continent among the 7 continents. The continent primarily sits on the Indo Australian plate. It has the lowest population among the major continents. Australia is the only continent that does not contain active volcanic region. Human inhabitation of the continent begun around 70,000 years ago. Dutch discovered Australia in 1606. The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef. The Reef extends over 2000 kilometers in the Australian continent. The large size and small population of Australia places it among the lowest population density in the World. Australia generates its income from mining, telecommunications, banking and manufacturing. Australia has relatively low rate of poverty. English is considered as the national language for Australia.

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